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The game developed in Great Britain among 1869 and 1870 and pole was called because the first players were mounted in barrels that were looking like horses and were striking the ball with mallets. Later it was called waterpolo and football in water. In 1877 the Scot William Wilson wrote a series of rules that managed to be the bases of the international rules. The game follows(continues) the directives of the International Federation of (THIN) Swimming, from 1908.

Soon it became popular in Europe and America and it was played for the first time in a few Olympic Games in 1900. It has been a strong sport in Europe, especially in Hungary, Italy, Spain, Germany, the previous Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the Netherlands. Also it is very popular in Oceania. Hungary has been the domineering country from the beginning of the decade of 1930, having won the Olympic Games six times and Europa's championship in numerous occasions. The Championship of the World was celebrated by the first time in 1973 (it was won by Hungary) and the Glass of the World DIES in 1979 (that also was won by Hungary). The first international feminine competition developed in 1978. The women's teams of the Netherlands are the strongest of Europa Occidental.


From the Olympics of 1912, the ball of waterpolo was a ball of leather of football that was absorbing the water and was becoming extremely heavy, slippery and deformed when it was getting wet. After the Olympics of Berlin in 1936, James R. Smith (USA) I design a ball of waterpolo done with one camera (later replaced with nylon to improve its yield), and a made cover of rubber. The new balls were red, but in 1948 the yellow one was adopted for a better visibility. Though the ball was used for a long time and tape-worm better qualities of managing, allowing a more rapid game and more number of goals - what was increasing the interest of the spectator - was not converted into the Olympic official ball until 1956.